Make it work. I handed someone a pistol recently. They had asked my advice and for a recommendation of a pistol. So I cleared a pistol, handed it to them, and said quite simply, “Make it work.”
This person said to me, “That’s not fair! You can’t just do that!”
Yes I can, and yes I did. If you can’t make it work, then you have no business with it. You need training, not a gun.
After the struggle to make it work, I said, “Okay, now clear it.” After the magazine was extracted, I said, “Okay, you have removed all the reloads. What about the bullet remaining?”
“What about the last bullet. The one that is next in line to kill someone? How do you get rid of that one?” No answer.
This person was interested in a firearm for personal protection, but not committed to it. You have to be committed to being an expert in both making it work and clearing it so that it cannot work. If you cannot do those two tasks, then you have no business with a firearm.
There are other tasks, for sure, but those two are the most essential. If you can’t make it dangerous, then you have no use for it. If you can’t make it safe, then you have no business with it. Everything in between is good judgement and common sense.
Keep it out of the wrong hands. Only point it in a safe or intended direction. Common sense. Not as much skills as mere situational awareness and good judgement. That still takes practice to learn to think that way. It still takes practice and training to actually hit your target. It takes practice to reload efficiently. There are plenty of things that require practice, skill, and training. But if you can’t make it dangerous and you can’t make it safe, then you have no business with it. Baseline.