The AFNN Use Of Force Test, Part III; Can You Pass It?

Editor’s Note: This is the third in a series by Chuck Klein, a recognized expert in firearms safety. This article is merely to foster thought and where appropriate, encourage further training in proper, safe and legal use of force by American Citizens The contents of this article should NOT be construed as legal advice.

Ed

 

The second to last thing a morally responsible, prudent person

wants to do is kill another human being regardless

of how reprehensible, villainous or dangerous that

person might be. The last thing this morally responsible,

prudent person wants to do is be killed by

that reprehensible, villainous and dangerous person.

9) Suppose a road-rage incident occurs and you and the other driver pull off the road, stopping about 50 feet apart, and exit your vehicles. The other driver, who is about your size, then starts to walk toward you carrying a raised tire iron and saying he’s going to beat you to a pulp. You immediately back up and shout, “I’m sorry. I’ll just get in my car and go away.” The other driver lowers the tire iron, turns and starts toward his car. At this point you draw your gun that you legally carry and shout, “If you don’t get out of here, I’ll shoot you dead.” He turns and starts toward you, raising the tire iron. Would you:

a. Be justified in using lethal force if you first fired a warning shot;

b. Be justified in using lethal force because he represented an immediate threat of death or great bodily harm to you;

c. Not be justified in shooting because the threat had passed and you re-opened the altercation, thus becoming the aggressor and therefore losing your right to self-defense;

d. Not be justified in shooting because a tire iron is not a lethal weapon;

e. Both a and b

 

10) Exercising your right to self-defense when under attack, and when there is no other option, shooting to wound is:

a. Not recommended because it is nearly impossible, under stress of a lethal force incident, for even the best of marksmen to stop a deadly attack by intentionally wounding;

b. Not recommended because wounded persons can be very dangerous. A wounded person may not cease his/her life-threatening actions and can intentionally or unintentionally kill innocent bystanders;

c. Not recommended because the most effective means of immediately stopping a deadly assault is by causing your bullets to strike the largest area – center mass – of your assailant’s body;

d. All of the above;

e. Rather than risk a murder charge or the taking of another’s life, shooting to wound is the preferred method of dealing with lethal force encounters.

 

11) During a lethal force incident, the last thing a morally responsible, prudent civilian wants to do is:

a. Be Killed;

b. Be labeled a coward;

c. Kill another person;

d. Lose his/her right to CCW.

12) The killing of one human being by another is called:

a. Murder;

b. Negligent homicide;

c. Excusable homicide;

d. Justifiable homicide;

e. Any of the above.

ANSWERS

9) a. Wrong. Not be justified in shooting because the threat had passed and you re-opened the altercation, thus becoming the aggressor and therefore losing your right to self-defense. Warning shots are almost never a good plan as an errant shot could injure an innocent person. Witnesses, after the fact, could implicate you as the aggressor. A legal nightmare. Court and state laws will never allow you to suck someone into a confrontation for the purpose of then claiming self-defense after wasting him/her;

b. Wrong. Stand-your-ground laws do not apply to incidents in which you are the aggressor. See a. above;

c. Correct. If you create a lethal force incident, you must make it clear that you realize your error and stop your aggressive behavior. The problem here is proof. Sans conclusive evidence that you capitulated, might make it insurmountable when defending a charge of wrongful shooting. If you carry a concealed weapon in public, you can’t go around trying to egg someone on so you can bring out the hardware to blow them away;

d. Wrong. Tire iron or any item that can be used as a weapon, including but not limited to, a length of 2×4, shovel, baseball bat…;

e. Wrong. See c. above.

10) a. Wrong. Not a complete or best answer;

b. Wrong. Not a complete or best answer;

c. Wrong. Not a complete or best answer;

d. Correct. All of the above;

e. Wrong. Shooting the gun out of the attacker’s hand or other “trick” shots are only found in the movies. Shooting to wound is an intentional act of assault (murder if the target dies). The only goal of the shooter is to STOP the deadly attack, if the target dies as a result of this stopping action, tough cookies.

11) a. Correct. The “second” to last thing a morally responsible, prudent person wants to do is kill another person – but the last thing he/she wants to do is be the victim. Everything else is tied for 3rd place;

b. Wrong. Tied for 3rd place (LEOs excepted);

c. Wrong. 2nd Place;

d. Wrong. Tied for 3rd place.

12) a. Wrong. Not the only or best answer;

b. Wrong. Not the only or best answer;

c. Wrong. Not the only or best answer;

d. Wrong. Not the only or best answer;

e. Correct. Reasons for taking the life of another human ranges from Murder (unlawful killing) to Negligent Homicide (your fault auto accident) to Excusable homicide (willful but legal, such as the executioner at the state prison) to Justifiable homicide (you were justified because he was trying to kill you).

About the Author: Chuck Klein is a former: police officer, Tactical Defense Institute Level 6 firearms instructor and Licensed Private Investigator (ret.). He is currently: an active member of International Association of Law Enforcement Firearms Instructors (IALEFI), NRA Certified Firearms Instructor and the author of INSTINCT COMBAT SHOOTING, Defensive Handgunning for Police; LINES OF DEFENSE, Police Ideology and the Constitution. His education includes Bachelor of Laws. Information about his writings and e-mail contact is available on his web site: chuckklein.com

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